Interns develop skills in conceptualization, treatment planning, diagnosis, treatment provision, outreach planning and facilitation, self-reflection, and professionalism by actively participating in at least 4 hours of supervision per week and at least 2 hours of didactic training.
Primary supervision of interns by a licensed psychologist is conducted on an individual, face-to-face basis for a minimum of 2 hours per week. The role of the primary supervisor is to provide oversight of supervisees’ clinical caseloads and to aid supervisees in the development of clinical skills. This includes signing off on all clinical documentation, reviewing and providing feedback on videotaped sessions, providing mentorship in the development of a professional identity, assisting in the development of a solid theoretical orientation, providing ongoing evaluation and feedback, and creating a safe, supportive environment in which examining biases, privilege, intersecting identities, and ethical concerns.
All interns receive one hour of individual, biweekly secondary supervision by a licensed mental health provider. Specialty areas have set supervisors who have specialized knowledge and training in particular areas of practice, and are licensed and/or certified in their area of mental health practice (e.g., psychology, counseling, addictions). Interns who choose to forego a specialization area in lieu of a more generalist training experience receive secondary supervision from a licensed mental health provider in alignment with the interns’ training goals (e.g., public speaking, leadership, behavioral intervention).
Group supervision is held for 1 hour each week and provides an opportunity for interns to discuss ongoing cases, clinical issues, and professional development concerns, as well as any issues occurring within the UCC. This meeting is led by the Assistant Director for Training. Interns are expected to present at least one client case per semester to peers and the UCC clinical staff during group supervision.
Interns meet one hour per week for group supervision that broadly addresses topics of professional development. The specific focus of supervision changes throughout the year according to challenges and new responsibilities interns encounter, as well as topic requests made by interns. During the first few months of the internship, special care is taken to address interns’ adjustment to the University, full-time employment, and new responsibilities at the UCC. Throughout the internship year, this meeting acts as a safe space for interns to discuss any issues occurring within the UCC and their experience as interns. In the final months of internship, interns are able to process feelings around leaving the UCC and transitioning to the next phase of life.
During the spring semester, special topics supervision largely focuses on interns’ experiences acting as primary supervisor to a master’s counseling intern or doctoral practicum trainee. Interns discuss their experience as a supervisor, to learn skills for managing issues that arise in supervision, and to review videotapes of their work with their supervisees. Supervision meetings focused on supervision of supervision are consistently led by a UCC staff member with specialized training in the provision of supervision. Other special topics supervision meetings may be led by various members of the UCC staff depending on the topic being discussed.
Interns receive a half-hour of supervision of group therapy per week from the staff member they are co-facilitating group with. In the case of two interns facilitating a group together, a half-hour of weekly supervision of group therapy will be provided by the Group Coordinator and consultation will be available regularly as needed. The supervision is used to process the group experience, plan for future sessions, and develop interns’ skills in group facilitation.
The WFUCC Psychology Internship requires that interns demonstrate minimum levels of achievement across all training competencies and elements. Interns are formally evaluated by their primary supervisor with input from other supervisors who have worked with the intern three times annually: at the end of the fall semester, end of the spring semester, and end of the internship year. Evaluations are conducted using a standard rating form that includes information about the interns’ performance regarding all of the WFU Counseling Center Psychology Internship expected training elements. Supervisors are expected to review these evaluations with the interns and provide an opportunity for discussion if the intern has questions or concerns about the feedback.
Interns are required to attend the clinical staff meeting that follows the general staff meeting each week. This meeting uses a staff consultation approach with clinicians bringing forward cases for consultation or that they would like others to be aware of in case the client is seen by another clinician in crisis. Interns are encouraged to contribute to the discussion by offering feedback to staff members or by discussing their own cases.
Interns are required to attend consultation meetings with the Learning Assistance Center/Disability Services (LAC) and campus psychiatry biweekly and Student Health Services (SHS) monthly to observe and participate in consultation about clients with multidisciplinary staff on campus. Interns are encouraged to discuss clients they are working with who are receiving services elsewhere on campus or who would benefit from a referral.
The UCC believes in an open-door policy for consultation and encourages interns to informally consult with various UCC clinical staff members as needed. Interns may also contact colleagues in the LAC and SHS between formal consultation meetings to discuss a mutual client when needed.
Interns attend a weekly 2-hour seminar presented by various UCC staff members, as well as campus partners with specific expertise on the designated topic. Seminar topics address multicultural competence, ethics, assessment, different treatment models and techniques, issues prevalent in a college population, and professional identity development. A sample of the didactics that will be provided during the 2018-2019 training year include:
Interns are expected to attend weekly in-service trainings with the entire UCC clinical staff. Once per month these trainings are devoted to Diversity Dialogues, during which staff members have the opportunity to share reactions to readings or videos about a specific diverse population, discuss biases and beliefs that may impact work with particular individuals, and develop knowledge, skills, and awareness that enhance effectiveness in working with diverse students. Other training topics may include clinical case presentations by staff members, meeting colleagues across campus and learning more about their departments and specific roles, and training on specific treatment techniques from community providers.
During the fall semester, interns attend at least two intern training seminars focused on the review of supervision theories and models and supervision dynamics in preparation for interns taking on the role of supervisor to a master’s counseling intern or doctoral practicum trainee. Toward the end of the semester, interns observe UCC staff members providing supervision and begin to provide co-supervision to the trainee they will supervise during the spring semester. During spring semester, interns receive weekly supervision of supervision.
Interns have the opportunity to participate in continuing education activities designed for the UCC staff. Such trainings might include a full or half day workshop on working with a specific population (e.g., International students, transgender students), as well as presentations by other mental health providers in the community on their areas of expertise or the services they offer. Additionally, there are regular opportunities for professional development offered through the University’s Professional Development Center (PDC), including workshops on public speaking/group facilitation, diversity and inclusion, and leadership. In keeping with the University’s commitment to diversity and inclusion, two-day institutes on social and racial justice are open for staff members and interns to attend biannually as well.